For me, the Scythians began with a golden ridge from Solokh barrow. In 2013, I visited the exhibition “Gold of Scythian barrows” at the Hermitage in St. Petersburg. Under the fine work, the signature was a golden crest – the village of Velikaya Znamenka of the Zaporozhye region was found in the Solokha burial mound. Ukraine.
– Wow, I thought. – This is not far from Zaporozhye.
The next summer, together with a group of students in a car, we drove to the Great Znamenka.
Mound of Solokha
Now, I understand how lucky we are. When we climbed to the top of Solokh mound, a view of the remaining mounds opened from it. What did we see from above?
A large field overgrown with green grass, and purple circles with a yellow middle follow it. Beautiful and amazing! Around Solokha and all the other mounds, purple and yellow flowers grew. Plants themselves indicated the location of the mounds. If it weren’t for flower circles, then we wouldn’t have seen many mounds, they are almost equal to the level of the earth.
According to archaeologists, there were 75 mounds. The tallest, and therefore royal – the mound of Solokha.
We counted other mounds only 7. And where are the others? The Solokha field, for the most part, has already been plowed. Apparently, we already ate most of the mounds with bread grown on the field.
This place may well claim the Scythian Gerra – the sacred land of the ancestors for the Scythians – “The seventh river – Herr flows from Borisfen in that place to which the Borisfen flow is known. It branches in this place, and its name, common with the locality, is Herr. This river flows to the sea, forming the border between the lands of the nomadic and royal Scythians, and then flows into Gipakiris ”(Herodotus).
In front of the entrance to Solokh barrow there is a stone sign with the inscription – Monument of national importance of Ukraine.
Who are the Scythians? The mysterious people who did not leave written sources, conquered Asia Minor, the Caucasus, Palestine, and conquered lands from the Volga to the Danube. We know about the Scythians from Herodotus and research in the mounds.
By the things that they find there, by the skeletons of people and animals, household items, clothes, jewelry, dishes, we have an idea about the life of the Scythians.
Scythians came to the lands of Ukraine as winners. Scientists call them the Scythian horde (Murzin V. Yu. “Scythian problem”). They lived on the lands of present-day Ukraine from the 7th to the 4th century BC. Not so little. Recall that this was the heyday of the ancient Greek city-policies, the states of Asia Minor and Europe. On the lands of the Sea of Azov tribes of the royal Scythians lived. Of the entire Scythian society, Scythian warriors accounted for 15-20%, the rest – women, children, old people. Scythians warriors did not work. They were miners, warriors. What did the Scythians have from wars?
The slaves they blinded, slaves, gold. They killed every hundredth prisoner. They were paid tribute to neighboring states for not disturbing them.
Gold of Scythian barrows is looted gold or tribute to other peoples.
We do not know the details about the life of the Scythians, but they wore the scalps of defeated enemies in the form of key chains. A warrior who did not kill the enemy was not allowed to the feast. It was a society with a cult of warriors. “Among all the peoples known to us, only Scythians possess one, but the most important art for human life. It consists in the fact that they do not allow any enemy who attacked their country to be saved; and no one can overtake them, unless they themselves allow it. After all, the Scythians have neither cities, nor fortifications, and they carry their dwellings with them. They are all horse archers and hunt not with agriculture, but with cattle breeding; their homes are in wagons. How can such a people not be irresistible and impregnable? ”(Herodotus).
Scythians were squeezed out by the Sarmatians in the 4th century BC on the Black Sea coast of Bulgaria and Romania. Part of the Scythian tribes remained and mixed with the Sarmatians.
The Scythians did not build stone houses, did not use writing. It was a nomadic people. They lived and moved in wagons, bred horses and livestock. Their life depended on pastures, lands, nature. If the Scythians remained to live as a single people, now they would have no chance to survive. The Scythian way of life required large free territories for pastures.
Scythians left behind only mounds. At the time when the Scythians built mounds, everywhere on the planet was a cult of the dead. In Egypt and Greece, the cities of the dead were built, the worlds of the dead were created. Since birth, people have been preparing for the afterlife. This was the most important thing for people of that era. Scythians apparently did the same. They built the Scythian Gerra – the sacred city of their ancestors, which they guarded “The tombs of the kings are in Gerra (before this, Borisfen is still navigable.” (Herodotus). And as King Idanfirs told Darius: “We don’t have any cities or cultivated land. We don’t we’re afraid of their ruin and devastation and therefore didn’t engage in battle with you immediately. If you want to fight with us no matter what, then we have fatherly graves. Find them and try to destroy them, and then you will find out if we will whether we fight for these graves or not, but until we forget judged, we will not engage in battle with you … ”(Herodotus)
On the very first visit to Solokha we were met by a pair of eagles. They accompanied the car until we stopped and went out in front of the sign of Solokha. Then, when they were leaving the mounds, eagles appeared again and we left with honorary escort of birds.
This time we were again met by an eagle. He flew around the field with mounds in a businesslike way. On this trip to the Scythian mounds, we always came across animals and birds. Scythians were natural people, they loved nature and depended on it. And since we went to them, we got into the Scythian world, filled with animals, birds and fish.
When we entered the field with mounds, the world immediately changed, as if we had crossed an invisible elastic boundary.
In terms of energy, the Solokha field is different from the usual field. Here time moves in a different way and there is a space with unusual qualities. This Scythian barrow field cannot be called empty. The Scythian spirit has been preserved here.
Sitting in silence at the top of the mound, it seems that time has turned back, and somewhere in the distance Scythians on horseback are jumping.
On the way to Solokha we visited the museum in Kamenka
The most mystical exhibit in the museum is a stone anthropomorphic pillar, which is called the “Scythian boy”. The pillar lies on the floor in the Scythian hall.
This stone pillar was brought into the museum’s storeroom. And miracles began. For unknown reasons, the alarm turned on at night. When employees ran to the museum at night on a signal, they sometimes saw a blue ball above a stone Scythian boy. They summoned the priest. Did not help. Invited psychics. They talked with the spirit of stone and ordered the Scythian boy to be brought to the museum. After that, the alarm stopped working. But, still in the stone pillar there is a presence of spirit.
But the question remains for us, how could the Scythians associate spirit with stone for millennia? Apparently, they had knowledge of how to handle perfumes, how to build mounds. They had their own rites for burial.
They possessed military magic.
“The Scythian warrior brings the heads of all those killed by him in battle to the king. After all, only those who bring the head of the enemy receive their share of the spoils, otherwise they will not. The skin from the head is stripped as follows: a cut is made around the head around the ears, then they grab onto the hair and shake the head out of the skin. Then the skin is cleaned of meat with a bull rib and wrinkled with her hands. The Scythian warrior uses the made-up leather as a towel for his hands, attaches his horse to the bridle and proudly flaunts it. Who has the most of these leather towels is considered the most valiant husband. Others even make raincoats from stripped skin, stitching them like goat skins. Others from the skin of the enemy corpses, torn along with the nails on the right hand, make covers for their quivers. Human skin is indeed thick and shiny and shines brighter than almost any other. Many Scythians finally rip off all the skin from the enemy corpse, pull it on the boards and then carry it with them on horses. ”
Wearing scalps and body parts of enemies is part of many military traditions of the world. Rites with the drinking of wine from skulls, with swords and scalps increase military and magical power. Burials of ancestors were carried out using rituals, in certain places and according to the rules.
“When the king dies at the Scythians, a large quadrangular pit is pulled out there. Having prepared the pit, the body is lifted onto a cart, covered with wax; then cut the stomach of the deceased; then they clean it and fill it with crushed keeper, incense and seeds of celery and anise. Then the stomach is again sutured and taken on a cart to another tribe … ”
The Scythians knew the nature of life and death, military magic, and therefore Scythian mounds still preserve the Scythian world and are places of power.
Mounds inherited from the Scythians. Our task is to preserve them for future generations. After all, this is the story of our land.